Name some of the most important agreements of the General Act of the Conference After witnessing the political and economic rivalries between European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the formal division of Africa prevented European countries from fighting on the territory. The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities outward, to create new areas for European expansion in the face of the growing interests of the United States, Russia and Japan, and to create a constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities. In the last years of the 19th century, informal imperialism went from “informal imperialism,” through military influence and economic domination, to direct domination that led to colonial imperialism. The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities outwards; to create new areas of support for European powers in the face of increasing US, Russian and Japanese interests; and constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities. In Africa, colonialism was introduced across most of the continent. When Africa`s independence was regained after World War II, it was in the form of fragmented states.  The conference took place on the 15th The number of plenipotentiaries varied from one nation, but these 14 countries sent representatives to the Berlin conference and signed the following law in Berlin: While the number of voters varied from nation to nation, the following 14 countries sent representatives to the Berlin conference and signed the following law in Berlin. Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway, United Kingdom and United States. There were no African representatives at the conference, although their rhetoric stressed the usefulness for Africa.
The Berlin conference did not initiate European colonization of Africa, but it legitimized and formalized the process. In addition, it has generated new interest in Africa. After the end of the conference, the European powers extended their claims to Africa so that European states claimed almost 90% of The African territory until 1900. Inevitably, the struggle for territory led to conflicts between European powers, particularly between the British and the French in West Africa; Egypt, the Portuguese and the British in East Africa; and the French king and King Leopold II in the Central African Republic. The rivalry between Great Britain and France led Bismarck to intervene and, at the end of 1884, he convened a meeting of European powers in Berlin. In subsequent meetings, Great Britain, France, Germany, Portugal and King Leopold II negotiated their claims on African territory, which were then formalized and mapped. During the conference, the heads of state and government also agreed to allow free trade between the colonies and to create a framework for negotiating future European demands in Africa. Neither the Berlin conference itself nor the framework of future negotiations gave african peoples a say in the division of their homeland.